Towards Osaka Blue Ocean Vision - G20 Implementation Framework for Actions on Marine Plastic Litter

Sri Lanka

Actions and Progress on Marine Plastic Litter
Last Update : 2021/02/01

Policy framework

National Action Plan

National Policy on Waste Management addresses Marine plastic litter and micro plastics.
A National Action Plan on Plastic Waste management is being prepared.( Draft Completed)

Legal framework

Regulations are available on plastic management.

  1. Prohibition of the manufacture of polythene or any polythene product of twenty (20) microns or below in thickness for in country use; or (ii) the sale, offer for sale, offer free of charge, exhibition or use of polythene or any polythene product which is twenty (20) microns or below in thickness within the country : Provided that polythene or any polythene product of twenty (20) microns or below in thickness may be permitted to be used with the prior written approval of the Authority for the purposes specified in the Schedule hereto
  2. Prohibition of the manufacture of food wrappers from polythene as a raw material for in country use; and (ii) the sale, offer for sale, offer free of charge, exhibition or use of food wrappers manufactured from polythene as a raw material within the country.
  3. Prohibition of the manufacture of any bag of high density polyethylene as a raw material for in country use; and (ii) sale, offer for sale, offer free of charge, exhibition or use of any bag manufactured from high density polyethylene as a raw material within the country.
  4. No person shall burn openly or cause to, allow or permit the open burning of refuse or other combustible matters inclusive of plastics. 3. Any person who fails to comply with the regulations above shall be liable to an offence and punishable under Section 31 of the National Environmental Act, No. 47 of 1980.
  5. Prohibition of the use of all forms of polyethylene, polypropylene, polyethylene products or polypropylene products as decoration in political, social, religious, national, cultural or any other event or occasion.
  6. Prohibition of the manufacture of food containers, plates, cups and spoons from expanded polystyrene for in country use ; and (ii) the sale, offer for sale, offer free of charge, exhibition or use of food containers, plates, cups and spoons manufactured from expanded polystyrene within the country

Indicators

Once the National Action Plan on Plastic Waste Management is Implemented national indicators will be monitored.

  • Number of beach Clean up Programmes
  • Number of plastic traps established
  • Number of beach caretakers recruited.
  • Quantity Plastic raw material imported
  • Percentage of violators of regulations and rectification of that
  • Percentage of Increase in a recycling facilities]
  • Number of single-use plastic items banned
  • Number of Waste Dumps rehabilitated
  • Number of new sanitary Landfills constructed
  • Number of plastic inventories prepared

Measures

Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) No
Reduce single use plastic (shopping bag, strew etc.) by regulations or voluntary measures Yes
Restrict microbeads for cosmetics etc. No
Improve waste management recycling system Yes
Clean-up activity at rivers and coasts Yes
Actions on fishing gear No
Capturing trap/filter on drainage/river Yes
Promotion of innovative solutions Yes
Multi-stakeholder involvement and awareness raising Yes
Sharing scientific information and knowledge: R&D and Monitoring Yes
Participate in international cooperation through international organizations, multi-national groups, etc. Yes
Target region supported by your international cooperation initiatives/projects: Southeast Asia Yes

Environmentally sound waste management and cleanup of marine plastic litter

As nearly 80% of the marine pollution is caused by land-based pollution, many activities are initiated to stop land-based pollution. Many clean-ups were conducted and some programmes were supported by the private sector

Promotion of innovative solutions

  • Beach care takers are recruited and some of them are sponsored by provate organizations
  • Certain stretches of coast line ls maintained by private organizations

Multi-stakeholder involvement and awareness raising

Awareness raising is conducted by many organizations in relation to plastic waste management. Multi -stakeholders are involved.

Sharing scientific information and knowledge: R&D and Monitoring

Marine litter related scientific symposiums are conducted by Marine Environment Protection Agency, with the participation of all stakeholders.

Promotion of international cooperation

Many plastic waste management projects are conducted with international cooperation funds.

Achievements

Prevention and reduction of plastic waste generation

  • With successful regulations on banning polythene at festivals, polythene waste generated from festivals has been drastically reduced.
  • A ban on polystyrene lunch boxes and utensils was successful, so this category of waste has also been drastically reduced.

Environmentally sound waste management and cleanup of marine plastic litter

International Beach Clean-up day is celebrated and many beach clean-up programmes are conducted.

Multi-stakeholder involvement and awareness raising

All relevant stakeholders are involved in awareness, Special events are conducted during International Beach Clean-up Days and International Environment Day

Sharing scientific information and knowledge: R&D and Monitoring

Many symposiums were conducted at Annual Sri Lanka NEXT programmes and research findings were shared.

Promotion of international cooperation

Many projects were implemented under international cooperation.

Challenges

  • Plastic waste collection network is very poor,
  • Though EPR system is proposed, legislations are not in place yet
  • Recycling facilities are concentrated within cities and long distance of transportation of waste for recycling is not economical.

Best practices

National level

National Policy addressing marine plastic litter

Private sector

The private sector is involved in establishment of waste collection centres, beach cleanup programmes, and funding beach caretakers.

Contact details

Mr S M Werahera, Acting Director, Environment Pollution Control & Chemical Management, Ministry of Environment

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