Towards Osaka Blue Ocean Vision - G20 Implementation Framework for Actions on Marine Plastic Litter

China

Actions and Progress on Marine Plastic Litter
Last Update : 2020/03/17

Policy framework

The Regulations on the Prevention and Control of Waste Plastics Processing and Utilization

The Action Plan for the Agricultural and Rural Pollution Control

The Action Plan for the Bohai Comprehensive Management

The amendment to the Environmental Protection Law of the People’s Republic of China(2014)

The amendment to the Marine Environment Protection Law of the People’s Republic of China (2017)

Issuance and implementation of the Action Plan for Water Pollution Prevention and Control (2015)

Issuance and implementation of the Action Plan for Soil Pollution Control (2016)

Measures

  1. Implementing the circular economy, products life cycle management, sustainable material management and reduction of use, reuse, recycling (“3R”) actions. Strengthening the recycling, reuse, recycling and environmentally sound disposal of plastic waste, and improving the ability to control plastic waste from the source into the marine environment.
  2. Prohibiting the dumping of domestic production waste such as port terminals, breeding fishing and platform ships into the sea. Increasing the clearance of marine debris and carrying out demonstrations of comprehensive prevention and control of marine garbage pollution in coastal cities.
  3. Incorporating the prevention and control of marine garbage pollution into the pilot project of the “Bay Chief System” and promoting the special treatment of marine debris.
  4. Actively promoting public participation in beach cleaning activities.
  5. Carrying out monitoring and evaluation of marine debris and micro-plastics, and following up the pollution status of marine debris and micro-plastics in key sea areas.
  6. Actively taking part in the international process of dealing with marine litter and plastic pollution and participating in the UNEP Regional Sea Action Plan. Participating in the UNEP Regional Sea Action Plan, fully complying with the Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal, and working with the international community to promote global marine waste and plastic pollution prevention and control through bilateral and multilateral mechanisms.
  7. Actively carrying out related scientific research. In 2017, China launched the national key research and development project of “Marine micro-plastics monitoring and eco-environmental effect assessment technology research”, systematically investigated marine micro-plastic pollution in coastal waters, and conducted in-depth research on marine micro-plastic transport pathways, environmental behavior and biological toxicity. Encouraging academic exchanges and data sharing among research institutions, and promoting research on marine debris and micro-plastics monitoring technologies and risk assessment methods.
  8. Issuance of the Technical Specifications for Pollution Control during Collection and Recycle of Waste Plastics.
  9. Banning the use of disposable plastic bags.
  10. Establishing the system of marine environmental sanitation.
  11. Organizing international workshops on marine debris, micro-plastics and sustainable use of marine resources.

Achievements

Promoting the use of reusable and recyclable “green” express delivery boxes;
From 2007 to 2018, non-profit communities have organized more than 160 beach cleanup activities, with around 10,000 volunteers involved and more than 20 tons of garbage collected.


Note: Relevant indicators, data or other numerical information can be included at the discretion of each country, for example: (1) the amount of waste generated, reused, collected, recycled, and properly disposed of; (2) the amount of marine litter cleaned up; (3) the scale of use of innovative technologies and materials including R&D investment; (4) the scale and/or effect of assistance for countries that need technical capacity development including the increased amount of waste properly disposed of. (encouraged to indicate the proportion/elements of plastics and/or micro plastics, if available)

Best practices

  1. Organizing beach garbage cleaning activities in coastal cities such as Yantai, Dalian and Rizhao to enhance public awareness, refining consumption habits, reducing the use of disposable plastic products, and enhancing public awareness of marine pollution prevention.
  2. Since 2007, marine waste has been included in the routine monitoring of the marine environment. In 2016, marine micro-plastics were also included in the routine monitoring of the marine environment, and the monitoring results were regularly released to the public through the “Communication on the State of Marine Eco-Environment”. In 2017, for the first time, China expanded the monitoring scope of marine micro-plastics to the oceans and polar regions, and discovered the presence of micro-plastics in the Antarctic waters.
  3. Shanghai has established a comprehensive classification system for the classification, compression, classified transportation and classified disposal of household waste, promoting the source reduction of domestic waste and recycling of resources, achieving the goal of reduction, resource utilization and environmental harmlessness.
  4. Xiamen has established the mechanism for marine environmental sanitation. Through measures such as the control of land source pollutants, seacoast cleanup, sea-surface cleanup, interception in estuaries, etc., it has effectively promoted the work of marine litter management in Xiamen.

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